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Swedish Cyprus Expedition with Volvo ÖV4 (1927 – 1931)

May 6th, 2018

The Swedish Cyprus Expedition was a project to systematically investigate the archaeology of the early history of Cyprus. It took place between September 1927 and March 1931 and was led by three archaeologists: Einar Gjerstad, Erik Sjöqvist and Alfred Westholm together with architect / photographer John Lindros.

1930 – The Swedish Cyprus Expedition core team with John Lindros, Alfred Westholm, Erik Sjöqvist and Einar Gjerstad

Archaeological excavations were made at various locations in Cyprus including Lapithos, Nitovikla, Ajia Irini and Enkomi. The results were published in four volumes from 1934 to 1972. Most of the finds are now kept at the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia and Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm.

In total, 30 sites and 375 graves were excavated. The Expedition’s Cypriotic driver and assistant, Tooulis Souidos, followed the expedition to Sweden where he continued to work with the Cyprus collections.

1927-1931 – Volvo ÖV4 at Svenska Institutet in Nicosia Cyprus

Einar Gjerstad had in two rounds between 1923-1924 conducted preliminary archaeological surveys in Cyprus, which resulted in the dissertation Studies on Prehistoric Cyprus, 1926. The following year, in 1927, Gjerstad proposed that a more extensive archaeological project, with Cyprus as a research area, should be organized . On the initiative of Gjerstad, the so-called Swedish Cypriot Committee was formed the same year, with the purpose of organizing an archaeological expedition to the Mediterranean Sea, as well as financially supporting the expedition in the field.

1927-1931 – Volvo ÖV4 on day trip to Limassol at stop with Amathus Agios Tychos

The committee consisted of Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf (Chairman), Sigurd Curman (Secretary), Johannes Hellner (Treasurer), Martin P. Nilsson and Axel W. Persson. Financing of the expedition was largely due to private donors, and Gjerstad succeeded, among other things, in receiving a few contributions from financier Ivar Kreuger.

Gjerstad was also allowed to borrow one of the first Volvo cars in production, a Volvo ÖV4. The car was probably number three in the series called ‘Jacob’, and was delivered in 1927. The Volvo performed overwhelmingly well and was able to be carried on Cyprus’s rugged donkey roads in a breathtaking speed of 60 km/h. The automobile Jacob probably meant a lot for the efficiency of the expeditions work. On old films, you see how tall statues in terracotta shake and rumble on the Volvo’s backseat during different transports. In front of larger expeditions to different parts of the island, the car was so packed with supplies that it barely could be seen under tents, camera equipment, suitcases, etc. Where the Volvo could not be used, there used camels and donkeys.

1927-1931 – Volvo ÖV4 advertisement with car and camels (combined photo)

Einar Gjerstad was appointed as project manager and John Lindros, Erik Sjöqvist and Alfred Westholm were appointed as assistants. Gjerstad was responsible for the organization of the expedition while Sjöqvist and Westholm were responsible for the archaeological field work. Lindros was responsible for drawings and photographs.

The main purpose of the expedition was to investigate and, in the long run, gain increased knowledge of ancient Cyprus’s archeology and history from rock age through late Roman times, a period of more than fifty thousand years. In order to achieve this purpose, the expedition was organized as a highly flexible and moving company, with the whole of Cyprus as its research area.

In September 1927, the expedition departed from Stockholm. They were invited by Sweden’s consul in Cyprus.

Lapithos (autumn 1927-spring 1928)
In northern Cyprus lies the village of Lapithos. Near this place is a large burial place from the Bronze Age (about 2000-1800 BC) with hundreds of graves. The expedition’s excavations here 1927-28 resulted in lots of ceramics and weapons in copper and bronze.

Volvo ÖV4 on a small road in Kythrea

Enkomi (June-July 1930)
The big city of Enkomi in eastern Cyprus was an important metropolis during the late Bronze Age with copper workshops, craft quarters and sanctuaries. Here, a necropolis with rich graves from the late Bronze Age (1200s BC) was examined with gold, silver and ivory objects, as well as hundreds of vases. The tombs were under the houses, which were dug out later by Cypriot and French archaeologists.

1927-1931 – Volvo ÖV4 at Camp Oura

Kition (October 1929-April 1930)
The Swedish Cyprus Expedition’s excavations in Kition began in October 1929 and continued until April 1930, with a break during the winter season.

1927-1930 – Volvo ÖV4 at domed fountain place in Pólis / Marion on Cyprus

Ajia Irini (November 1929)
Many important archaeological sites have been identified by excavators. The cult spot at Ajia Irini on the northwestern coast of Cyprus was one such. During the summer of 1929 the expedition received a visit by a priest, Papa Prokopius. He had erupted a thief digger on his belongings by the village of Ajia Irini. The priest decided to transfer the excavation right to the Swedish archaeologists. The place proved to be an unspoiled sanctuary used more or less continuously since about 1200 BC. But the most important period and most finds are dating to about 650-500 BC. An army of terracotta figures hid half a meter below the sandy soil. The 2000 figures lay and stood, grouped in the form of a semicircle, much like a theater. There were clergy, warriors and ordinary Cypriots. Most statues are a couple of decimeters high or less. Many carry offerings, dance or play musical instruments to the glory of God. However, several statues are of natural size. Impressive is the so-called sacrifice priest, wearing long clothes and turban. According to the excavators, he should have kept a sacrificial knife in his raised left hand. Models of tanks with horses, multiple-figure bulls symbolize God’s male power and fertility.

1927-1930 – Volvo ÖV4 from Svenska Cypern Expeditionen

Vouni
The ancient wall of Vouní on the castle cliff (Vounó means mountain in Greek) 270 meters above sea level on the northwestern coast of Cyprus, overlooking Petra, is the site of a monumental palace. The palace was used for more than a hundred years and was rebuilt several times during the 500 / 400s BC. The architects were influenced by both oriental and Greek architecture. There are no sources or fresh water at Vouní, but in the middle of the big palace there was a large cistern where rainwater from the roof could accumulate. One of the items found here during the Swedish Cyprus Expedition in 1928 was the Vouni head. It has the typical archaic smile, is easily triangular and with a characteristic calathosis in the hair. A kalathos is a kind of diadem with different motifs. Vouni heads diadem consists of dancing figures and rosettes. This smile is useful for dating and places the sculpture at about 600-500 BC. The Vouni head is also one of the more central objects in the Cyprus Exhibition at the Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm.

Vouni expedition packing outside Svenska institutet in Nicosia their Volvo ÖV4

Vouni expedition packing outside Svenska institutet in Nicosia their Volvo ÖV4

Petra tou Limniti (1929)
Petra tou Limniti is a small rock island on the western part of Cyprus’s north coast, about 100 meters from the coast. The expedition came to be interested in the island during the excavations of Vouni. Here you found the top of the island cultural heritage that was dating to the Stone Age. During one day at harvest time in 1929, excavations were carried out and identified four building periods.

Volvo ÖV4 at cafe in Pyrgos

In the winter of 1931 the excavations were over and the money ended. In accordance with the legislation in force, the findings were shared between Cyprus and Sweden and more than half of the find came to Sweden. The total amount of finds from the excavations amounts to about 18,000 objects. Of these, Sweden received about 12,000. In addition, there is a large cutting material stored in 5,000 shock cartons in the Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm’s magazine. The find was packed in 771 wooden boxes and was taken to Sweden in March 1931. The transport took one year on one of the Swedish Orient Line ships.

Volvo ÖV4 on Cyprus – problems with the car

1927-1931 – Volvo ÖV4 with flat tire

For several years, the Cyprus collections were kept in the Krubban quarter in the Oxenstiernska ore farm. They were completely untempered and the climate change became very dramatic. Many unique items were destroyed. Stone sculpture and ceramics burst into the strong cold. 1930s press clippings describe the difficult situation. In 1942, the History Museum in Stockholm published a number of items from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition in the exhibition “Before Fidias”.

1931 – Einar Gjerstad with golden box to be send home in Sweden

All photos during the Swedish Cyprus Expedition were made by John B. Lindros (August 3, 1898 Vaxholm, Sweden – December 2, 1961 Nyköping, Sweden). He was a Swedish architect and photographer.
During his studies at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm (1923–1925), Lindros was employed by the Nordic Museum and Skansen to study buildings around Sweden. He graduated in 1924. One of his study mates was Alfred Westholm, who later recruited him to the Swedish Cyprus Expedition.

During the expedition in Cyprus (1927–1931), Lindros worked as architect, responsible for measuring and drawing the many maps, plans and sections that are the result of an archaeological excavation. He also worked as a photographer and took an enormous amount of pictures of the excavations. He photographed when SF Studios produced a newsreel about the Swedish Cyprus expedition. As Alfred Westholm himself had experience in photographic and topographic work, Lindros worked mostly in Erik Sjöqvist’s excavation team. When Sjöqvist was ill, Lindros temporarily took over the excavation in Idalion, Cyprus. He was also interested in documenting Cypriot folklore and visited many remote villages with his camera. John’s wife Rosa Lindros followed him to Cyprus and stayed there until June 1928. She also participated in restoration of the archeological findings.

Along with expedition leader Einar Gjerstad, John Lindros was responsible for unpacking the archaeological materials after returning to Sweden. He worked with the other expedition members on the major scientific publication, The Swedish Cyprus Expedition: Finds and Results of the Excavation in Cyprus 1927-1931, volume I, volume II, volume III.

From 1933–35 John Lindros served as assistant at the Swedish Institute in Rome. He then worked at Byggnadstyrelsen in 1936, Svenska Köpmannaförbundet 1936–1937, and the insurance company Liv-Thule 1937–1940. After that Lindros had his own company. In 1944 he was employed at the Västerås county architectural office and in 1947 he became deputy county architect in Södermanland, Sweden.

More information at: sv.wikipedia.org/Svenska_Cypernexpeditionen, en.wikipedia.org/John_Lindros

Storebackegatan near Masthuggskyrkan in Göteborg

April 1st, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 301
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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1926 – Volvo ÖV4 at Masthuggskyrkan in Göteborg

2017 – Volvo XC60 on Stigberget near Masthuggskyrkan on Storebackegatan in Göteborg

2018 – Storebackegatan near Masthuggskyrkan in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

2018 – Storebackegatan near Masthuggskyrkan in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

Storebackegatan is a street on Stigberget in Göteborg. This place is mostly known because of the Masthuggskyrkan, but from here, you als get a great view over Göteborg with the Göta Älv.

Masthuggskyrkan is a well-known church in Göteborg, Sweden, which was built in 1914. Its position on a high hill (Masthugget) close to the city and near the Göta älv makes it a striking sight – the church tower is 60 m high in itself. The church represents the national romantic style in Nordic architecture and was designed by Sigfrid Ericson. The church, which has become one of the symbols of Göteborg, is a popular tourist attraction.

More information at sv.wikipedia.org and www.goteborg.com.

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Partihallsförbindelsen in Göteborg

April 1st, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 300
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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2015 - Volvo S60 Polestar at Partihallsförbindelsen outside Göteborg

2015 – Volvo S60 Polestar at Partihallsförbindelsen outside Göteborg

2015 – Volvo S60 Polestar

2015 – Volvo S60 Polestar

2015 – Volvo S60 Polestar

2015 – Volvo S60 Polestar

2015 – Volvo S60 Polestar

2018 – Partihallsförbindelsen in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

2018 – Partihallsförbindelsen in Göteborg

The Partihallsförbindelsen (Partihalls connection) is a 1150 meter long viaduct between the E45 and E20 in Göteborg. The connection was built as part of the Göteborg agreement, the infrastructure initiative in Göteborg, whose road traffic, including the Götatunnel, is included.

The road is built in a viaduct over the Västra stambanan, in height with the Ånäsmotet, and joins the E45 with the E20. At Marieholm, a new traffic place has been built, which is planned to be connected to the E6 via Marieholm tunnel under Göta älv, the so-called Marieholms connection. The road has four files, two in each direction. In the north, one file per direction leaves the connection, so that the furthest one in the north is one file per direction. The files that leave the connection will in future be connected to Marieholm Tunnel.

The Partihallsförbindelsen has the temporary road number E20.10. This is planned to change when the Marieholm tunnel is built, but what the road will be heated is not formally decided by the Swedish Transport Administration.

The source is called the Gothenburg Hume for Red Orm.

More information at sv.wikipedia.org and www.skanska.se.

Volvo Photo Locations

Prins Bertils Stig on Tylösand Strand

April 1st, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 298
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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2012 - Volvo V70 at the beach at Tylosand

2012 – Volvo V70 at the beach at Tylosand

2018 – Tylösand strand near Halmstad (Google Streetview)

2018 – Tylösand strand near Halmstad

Prins Bertils Stig is a small path at the coast of Tylösand, which is a popular beach spot near Halmstad.

Tylösand is a locality situated in Halmstad Municipality, Halland County, Sweden. It is located 7 km west of Halmstad, on Tyludden. Tylösand is famous for its 7 km long sand beach, its golf courses and “Hotell Tylösand”, a hotel owned by Roxette star Per Gessle and Björn Nordstrand.

Between 1954 and 1997 and during the summer months, Prince Bertil of Sweden used to reside in his villa in Tylösand, located at the end of the street Älgvägen. The 13 km long path derives its name from Prince Bertil. The paths starts at the palace of Halmstad and ends at the sand beach of Tylösand and is suitable for young and old and even for the handicapped. A part of the path passes through the Rhododendron park that was planted in 1933.

More information at sv.wikipedia.org and www.tylosand.se.

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Fabriken Furillen on Gotland

April 1st, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 298
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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2016 - Volvo XC90 at Furillen on Gotland

2016 – Volvo XC90 at Furillen on Gotland

2018 – Furillen on Gotland

2018 – Furillen on Gotland

Furillen is an island in Rute on the northeast coast of Gotland, Sweden. For most of the 20th century, there was a limestone industry on the island until it was closed to the public by the Swedish military in the 1970s–90s, when radar installations became operational. The north part of Furillen is a nature reserve and a Natura 2000 area.

Since 2000, the old factory buildings from the limestone industry have been used as hotel and conference venues by the Fabriken Furillen (the Furillen Factory) company, owned by photographer and entrepreneur Jonas Hellström. He started out using the abandoned factory and its surroundings as a backdrop for commercials and rock videos. In 1999, he bought the whole complex of 500 hectares and converted it into a minimalistic hotel and restaurant. Hellström collaborated with Scandinavian designers and architects such as Andreas Forsberg, Mattias Ljunggren, Mats Theselius and Orrefors glassworks.

A recording studio close to one of the beaches on the island was planned as part of the project to make Furillen into a center for art and design. The studio project was headed by Björn Ulvaeus. In 2008–10, the permit for the studio was being discussed in several administrative instances. Permission to build the studio was finally denied due to an objection made by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency regarding the preservation of the beaches on Furillen in their natural state.

More information at sv.wikipedia.org and www.furillen.com.

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Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

April 1st, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 297
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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2016 - Volvo V70 at Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

2016 – Volvo V70 at Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

2016 - Volvo V70 at Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

2016 – Volvo V70 at Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

2016 - Volvo V70 at Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

2016 – Volvo V70 at Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda

2018 – Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda (Hemnet)

2018 – Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda (Hemnet)

2018 – Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda (Hemnet)

2018 – View on Flygtornsvägen in Torslanda (Hemnet)

Flygtornsvägen is a road in Torslanda, close to Göteborg and close to the Volvo factory which is also located in Torslanda. The street name relates to the air traffic tower which is still there on the hill.

This place was previously the location of the Torslanda airport or Torslanda flygfält. Torslanda Airport served the city of Göteborg as its main airport from 1923 to 1977, when the Göteborg Landvetter Airport was opened. The airport closed soon afterwards. In 1969, an air traffic control tower was built on an adjacent hilltop as replacement for an older tower built in 1938.

The 1969 control tower remains (as of 2010) as one of the last artifacts of the airport. Most of the old airport was demolished in 1997, when the former runway paving were mainly removed.

Until 1995, Volvo housed its collection of historic vehicles in “The “Blue Hangar” (Den Blå Hangaren). Now they are located in the Volvo Museum, a few kilometres away.

In recent years, the original land from the Torslanda Airport has quickly redeveloped into a residential area known as Amhult, eventually to become a garden village with 900 new homes, a commercial centre, preschool and school.

The former runways have partially been used for car testing by Volvo, for driver training and race car testing, and for model aircraft, until the runways were removed. An area is still used for storing ship containers. A golf course has been built over parts of the former runways. The road no 155 to Öckerö went a detour around the north-south runways. Around 1997 the road was rebuilt to go straight across the former runway. The terminal building remains and is used for a number of small shops.

More information at en.wikipedia.org.

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Stora Nygatan in Göteborg

March 30th, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 296
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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2017 – Volvo V90 Polis on Stora Nygatan in Göteborg, Sweden.

2018 – Stora Nygatan in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

Stora Nygatan is a street in Göteborg and approximately 530 meter long, which stretches from Kungsportsplatsen to Drottningtorget along the Vallgraven. The proximity to the water was more apparent in the street name 1847 when the planned street was called Strandgatan. The first house in the street was built in 1850 and the street got its current name in 1852. In 1900 its length was 570 meters, the average width was 12 meters and the area 6,770 square meters.

At Stora Nygatan there is an unofficial address, Stora Nygatan 17 ½. The houses on Stora Nygatan 17 and 17½ were built in 1856 as sister buildings. The story behind the numbering is that the grocery store August Abrahamson bought the site in the 1850s and built a house there that was ready in autumn 1852. Too late, it was discovered that there were two plots but only one number. The address was therefore Stora Nygatan 17½. In 1868 the property was bought by wholesaler Robert Dickson.

On Stora Nygatan is also the synagogue of Göteborg. Both the synagogue and Stora Nygatan 17 and 17½ were drawn by August Krüger

More information at sv.wikipedia.org.

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Erik Dahlbergsgatan in Göteborg

March 30th, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 295
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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1978 – Volvo 66 on Erik Dahlbergsgatan in Göteborg.

2018 – Erik Dahlbergsgatan in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

2018 – Erik Dahlbergsgatan in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

Erik Dahlbergsgatan is a street in Vasastaden, Göteborg. The street is about 760 meters long and is a cross street to Vasagatan. It runs from Parkgatan to Kapellplatsen.

The street was named in 1882 in memory of Count Erik Dahlbergh who lived in the 17th century. Erik Dahlbergh was an important person in Göteborg when he made the drawings to Skansen Lejonet and Skansen Kronan. Earlier, the street Brandtalagatan was called and passed from Nya allén to the country site Östra Brandtala, which was located where Erik Dahlbergsgatan and Föreningsgatan now cross each other.

Count Erik Jönsson Dahlbergh (10 October 1625 – 16 January 1703) was a Swedish engineer, soldier, and field marshal. He was born of peasant stock but he eventually rose to the level of nobility through his military competence. He was renowned for fortification works and was called the “Vauban of Sweden”.

More information at www.semren-mansson.se and www.lokalguiden.se.

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Kämpegatan in Göteborg

March 30th, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 294
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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2017 – Volvo S90 at Kämpegatan 4 in Göteborg

2018 – Kämpegatan 4-8 in Göteborg (own photo)

2018 – Kämpegatan 4-8 in Göteborg (own photo)

2018 – Entrance to Kämpegatan 4-8 in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

Kämpegatan 4-8 is located in the (former) industrial Bronsen district of Gullbergsvass near Göta Älv in Göteborg.

The building has been under renovation during 2017 and 2018. Just like the neighboring building Pagoden, which originate from the 1910s to the 1930s and have throughout the years housed storage for both tobacco and wine and spirits; carpenters, shops, studios and a variety of small businesses. After the successful transformation of the Pagoden into office in 2012, thbuidling is now following in the same spirit.

“The central location makes the building interesting, as few of these charismatic old industrial buildings have been left in the inner city. Like in the work of the Pagoden, we are prepared to preserve the original, somewhat raw character, “says Jens Ragnarson, studio manager at Semrén & Månsson, and responsible for the project.

Much of the house’s former shine has over time been lost. For example, the original narrow-angle steel windows have long been replaced. These are now restored to give character to the house, while increasing light intensity by means of 30 centimeter wide vertical slots adjacent to the windows. The light is also flowing through new glazed coupons on the roof and offers the opportunity to decorate the winds into offices.

The developer of the project is Bygg-Göta, whose cooperation with Semrén & Månsson is a prestigious success concept that has given rise to both the Pagoda and Roskilde Hotel Avalon. In January 2018 the new office space is expected to be ready for occupation.

More information at www.semren-mansson.se and www.lokalguiden.se.

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Ågrenska villan on Högåsplatsen in Göteborg

March 30th, 2018

Volvo Photo Locations Part 293
Historic Volvo Photography Locations Overview
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1998 – Volvo S80 at Ågrenska villan on Högåsplatsen on Lorensberg in Göteborg, Sweden

2018 – Ågrenska villan on Högåsplatsen in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

2018 – Ågrenska villan on Högåsplatsen in Göteborg (Google Streetview)

Ågrenska villan is located on Högåsplatsen on Lorensberg in Göteborg. The villa is currently owned by the University of Göteborg.

Ågrenska Villa is a venue primarily for university employees and their guests. Conveniently located in central of Göteborg with comfortable rooms and a relaxed atmosphere. Ågrenska Residence is excellent for entertainment, meetings, planning meetings and training days. There is a larger hall (Stenasalen), six meeting rooms, a dining room and library.

The Ågrenska villa was built in 1916 according to Ernst Torulf’s drawings as a residence for the shipowner Fritz Sternhagen and his family.

In 1941 the villa was taken over by Märta and P Gustaf Ågren and for 40 years it was their home. During their lifetime, the spouses donated the villa to the University of Gothenburg. After her husband’s death in 1981, Märta Ågren remained in the villa for a few years until she found a suitable residence nearby.

For a number of years, various research groups stayed here before finally deciding that the building would be used as a meeting place for university employees and their guests. This was also the wishes of the spouses Ågrens. 1986-1987, the university undertook a comprehensive renovation of the villa. The renovation was funded with donated funds.

The Ågrenska villa is located in Lorensberg’s villa. The area is an example of Gothenburg’s new city plan from the beginning of the 20th century. This was created by urban engineer Albert Lilienberg, inspired by European innovation. Before the turn of the century, the city plan was square with straight streets. In Lorensberg’s villastad, the building has been adapted to the hilly terrain.

The area is only one kilometer long and 100 meters wide. The difference between the highest and lowest points is 40 meters. The streets, four to twelve feet wide, wander between the mountain peaks and are interconnected with stairs. One has used uniform building materials such as brick, granite, wood and black-painted forged iron grates.

The dining room serves lunches and dinners upon requests.

More information at gamlagoteborg.se and www.gu.se.

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